Bob Heile, Chairman of the ZigBee Alliance, discusses some of the innovative products and technologies on display by their partners at the CES 2010 ZigBee Pavilion, including the ZigBee RF4CE standard for RF remote controls and what the future holds in store for home automation, smart energy and health care. ZigBee is the global wireless language connecting dramatically different devices to work together and enhance everyday life. For more information, visit ZigBee Alliance.
"What was the first sensor network? Thinking back, I bet most people would guess the early demos by Berkeley and UCLA at places like the Intel Developer's Forum; the Twentynine Palms air-dropped mote demo; and Great Duck Island. These were all around 2002 or so. It turns out this is off by about 35 years -- the first bona fide wireless sensor network was actually deployed in Vietnam, along the Ho Chi Minh Trail, in 1967. It was called Igloo White."
Sensor drop from Helicopter during Operation Niagara I
Image Courtesy: Wikipedia/ U.S. Airforce Center of Military History
"Zachery Shivers and I rushed this project out in the past week for the TI MSP430 Ultra-low Power Challenge. What we’ve achieved so far is a secure wireless door lock that allows you to unlock your door remotely via your RF-enabled TI eZ-430 Chronos watch."
Using the new TI eZ430-Chronos sport development watch, which is based on the CC430, we created an electronic door unlock device. The watch communicates wirelessly to lock and unlock the door after given a secret password (a sequence of taps on the watch’s 3-axis accelerometer). This system demonstrates an ultra-low power consumption wireless system using TI’s MSP430 architecture, achieving estimated battery lifetimes of over 4 years on the watch and over a year on the door.
An interesting read! (Click Read More at the bottom of the post to read the full article at his blog)
If you haven't already seen it, watch this great clip by the maya design group. It describes the problems that we are about to face with integrating the Internet of Things in the most succinct way I've seen to date.
A section of it resonated with me greatly; that is that we are not going to create a network of Trillions of devices using the technology we have today. We need to climb a new mountain of ideas that will enable Trillions of devices to work together.
Brief presentation of the spime-based view of the Internet Of Things, the next generation network of trillions of internet connected devices. Delivered on Jan 21, 2010, in Second Life on Paris Ile De France Island, for Telecom Bretagne, invited by Hugobiwan Zolnir.
"This concept [of Internet of Things] first came to my mind when I talked with a group of young researchers who returned to China after their overseas studies," Wen said, referring to those he met during his inspection tour to east China's Jiangsu Province in November.
"I learned Internet of Things is a network that can be applied to infrastructure and services. The program will have a rosy prospect," Wen said.
Image Courtesy: ReadWriteWeb
According to Internet of Things, when objects ranging from books to airplanes are equipped with minuscule identifying devices, they can be identified and managed through computer networks.
Internet of Things was one example Premier Wen cited while outlining the country's initiatives to foster new growth areas, especially in emerging strategic industries."
At CES this year one could see different HAN technologies both wired and wireless all incompatible with each other. There are some compelling solutions and even proven ones. Among the communication protocols you could see HomePlug, WiFi, G.hn, P1901, ZigBee and ZWave.
Energy management does not need the bandwidth of broadband powerline solutions, nor their outrageous power consumption and cost (for the chips). We cannot afford 5W of standby power consumption just for the communication silicon alone (and the $10/chip they demand).
I have to express my personal dislike of proprietary solutions like ZigBee and ZWave and for their distasteful marketing operations. There are egregious standard 802.15 wireless technologies out there and using 6LoWPAN and IPv6 — the British company Jennic is probably my favorite.
IEEE Smart Grid brings multidisciplinary expertise and coordination to global effort
IEEE, the world's largest technical professional association, today launched the IEEE Smart Grid Web Portal (http://smartgrid.ieee.org/), an integrated gateway to Smart Grid intelligence, education and news from IEEE and other expert sources. The Web Portal is designed for manufacturers, policymakers, educators, academics, governments, engineers, computer scientists, researchers and other stakeholders in the power and energy, information technology (IT), and communications industries.
The IEEE Smart Grid Web Portal is the first phase of IEEE Smart Grid, created to bring together IEEE's broad array of resources to provide expertise and guidance for those involved in Smart Grid worldwide.
New sensor modular platform from Libelium with a radio range of up to 40 km and outstanding power consumption enables environmental monitoring in adverse conditions.
PR Log (Press Release) – Jan 19, 2010 – Zaragoza, Spain – Libelium, a technology leader in distributed wireless networks, announces the launch of the Waspmote modular platform for wireless sensor networks. With radio modules offering a range of up to 40 km and with ultra low power performance, Waspmote sets new standards for autonomous wireless sensor devices. The combination of long range and low power enables the deployment of fire detection, flood detection and environmental monitoring networks in very remote locations and with adverse conditions.
The modular platform allows users to choose from a range of wireless and sensor modules to create their specific sensor network application. One of the 802.15.4/ZigBee modules can achieve a range of up to 40 km. Libelium’s CTO, David Gascón says “the 868MHz module achieves its outstanding range through a transmission power of 315mW and -112dBm radio sensitivity”. He added, “Waspmote’s range enables a new generation of wireless sensor networks to be deployed well away from towns and villages. This unprecedented range is particularly important for detecting forest fires and river floods”. Waspmote networks can also communicate to the external world by means of GPRS. For situations with very difficult wireless connectivity - such as mines –each sensor device can store more than 21 million different sensor measurements in its internal memory.
Sensors are rapidly growing as a source of data on the Web. A corollary is that sensor networks are an enormous opportunity for some of the big tech companies. In November we wrote about HP's CeNSE project, which aims to be a "Central Nervous System for the Earth." CeNSE is a research and development program to build a planetwide sensing network, using billions of what HP calls "tiny, cheap, tough and exquisitely sensitive detectors."
Image Courtesy: Read Write Web
According to HP Labs, CeNSE sensors will enable real-time data collection, analysis and better decision making. And what will be a key tool for doing all of that? You guessed it, the mobile phone. Imagine for example getting a real-time update of traffic conditions on your mobile phone, via sensors on a major stretch of highway.
Fred Baker: This is an open list for discussion of the relationship between the Internet Architecture and Smart Grid issues. It is not a working group list, although at some point in the future one could imagine it being retargeted if appropriate. It is different than the Directorate list that Russ announced, as the Directorate is a management body serving at the discretion of the AD (Russ) as other directorates do.
A project, which I conducted back in March, 2008 discusses the ethical and legal implication that Information Technology has on society today. Furthermore, it details the development of the next generation IP protocol version 6 in the mid-1990’s by the International Engineering Task Force (IETF) and explains the hierarchy of this organization and its relationship to other organizations and, specifically, V6Ops, the IETF working group that is primarily responsible for the transitioning of IPv4 to IPv6 and the smooth, uninterrupted operation of the Internet.
Beginning with a discussion on the ethical and legal implications that Information Technology has on society as a whole, this paper introduces the development of IPv6 through the efforts of IETF, it addresses the current limitations of IPv4; looks at the cost reductions and savings that can be realized by the implementation of IPv6; addresses the regulatory requirements for implementing IPv6; looks at the skepticism surrounding the advantages that IPv6 will bring to the world markets, financial and educational institutions, the military, and local and federal government organizations; provides a timeline for implementation of IPv6 on a worldwide scale, and compares the agreements and disagreements along with the general consensus among leading analysts for the implementation of IPv6 as a whole.
This report may very well have implications for 6LoWPAN and its association with the Internet of Things.
IEEE Wireless Communications Magazine Special Issue on Internet of Things: the "Next Big Thing" in Communications?
Manuscript Due March 15th, 2010
Acceptance Notification June 15th, 2010
Final Manuscript Due August 15th, 2010
Publication Date December, 2010
From a wireless communications and networking perspective, the Internet of Things idea raises several challenging issues to address and technological nodes to untie.
An attempt to provide a partial answer to these and many other related questions will form the main scope of the present special issue. More specifically we are interested in the wireless communications and networking aspects involved by the introduction of the Internet of Things concept, and therefore solicit papers covering a variety of topics including, but not limited to:
•Internet of Things infrastructures, communication systems, network architectures
•Mobile Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks
•Network management, distributed processing (e.g. access, scheduling, radio resource management, etc.), scalability, and cooperation issues in integrated wired-wireless scenarios for the Internet of Things
•Internet of Things enabling ubiquitous and wireless technologies
•Security and privacy management for wirelessly communicating "things" and users
•RFID technology and RFID middleware
•Electromagnetic aspects related to the Internet of Things
•Machine-to-machine and machine-to-network communications in the presence of wireless links
•Inter-vehicle communications and seamless connectivity
•Location and tracking through navigation sensors
•Internet of Things applications in research projects
•Standardization and regulation (e.g. spectrum allocation and radio frequency exposure protection) issues for the Internet of Things
Submission of original contributions is solicited on the above topics as well as others relevant to the "Internet of Things" concept.
The ISA100 standards committee, Wireless Systems for Automation, will hold a series of meetings at the Rosen Centre in Orlando, Florida, 9-11 February. Subcommittee ISA100.12 will meet each day of the event, and will address the key topic: long-term convergence of the WirelessHART specification with the ISA-100.11a standard. The ISA100.12 subcommittee is chartered with completing numerous tasks to provide developers with meaningful information to achieve convergence and end-users with educational materials to allow for successful installations of both WirelessHART and ISA-100.11a systems in a pre-converged environment. Included in these tasks is the development of a phased convergence specification to converge WirelessHART and ISA-100.11a.